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Tuesday, April 27, 2010

Mexico’s Immigration Law Fair or Unfair

By J. Michael WallerMexico has a radical idea for a rational immigration policy that most Americans wouldlove. However, Mexican officials haven’t been sharing that idea with us as they press forour Congress to adopt the McCain-Kennedy immigration reform bill.That’s too bad, because Mexico, which annually deports more illegal aliens than theUnited States does, has much to teach us about how it handles the immigration issue.Under Mexican law, it is a felony to be an illegal alien in Mexico.At a time when the Supreme Court and many politicians seek to bring American law inline with foreign legal norms, it’s noteworthy that nobody has argued that the US look athow Mexico deals with immigration and what it might teach us about how best to solveour illegal immigration problem.
Mexico has a single, streamlined law that ensures thatforeign visitors and immigrants are:
• in the country legally;
• have the means to sustain themselves economically;
• not destined to be burdens on society;
• of economic and social benefit to society;
• of good character and have no criminal records; and
• contributors to the general well-being of the nation.The law also ensures that:
• immigration authorities have a record of each foreign visitor;
• foreign visitors do not violate their visa status;
• foreign visitors are banned from interfering in the country’s internal politics;
• foreign visitors who enter under false pretenses are imprisoned or deported;
• foreign visitors violating the terms of their entry are imprisoned or deported;
• those who aid in illegal immigration will be sent to prison.
Who could disagree with such a law? It makes perfect sense. The Mexican constitutionstrictly defines the rights of citizens – and the denial of many fundamental rights to noncitizens,illegal and illegal. Under the constitution, the Ley General de Población, orGeneral Law on Population, spells out specifically the country’s immigration policy.It is an interesting law – and one that should cause us all to ask, Why is our greatsouthern neighbor pushing us to water down our own immigration laws and policies,when its own immigration restrictions are the toughest on the continent? If a felony is acrime punishable by more than one year in prison, then Mexican law makes it a felony tobe an illegal alien in Mexico.If the United States adopted such statutes, Mexico no doubt would denounce it as amanifestation of American racism and bigotry.Mexico’s Immigration Law: Let’s Try it Here at Home 2We looked at the immigration provisions of the Mexican constitution.[1] Now let’s lookat Mexico’s main immigration law.Mexico welcomes only foreigners who will be useful to Mexican society:
• Foreigners are admitted into Mexico “according to their possibilities ofcontributing to national progress.” (Article 32)
• Immigration officials must “ensure” that “immigrants will be useful elements forthe country and that they have the necessary funds for their sustenance” and fortheir dependents. (Article 34)
• Foreigners may be barred from the country if their presence upsets “theequilibrium of the national demographics,” when foreigners are deemeddetrimental to “economic or national interests,” when they do not behave likegood citizens in their own country, when they have broken Mexican laws, andwhen “they are not found to be physically or mentally healthy.” (Article 37)
• The Secretary of Governance may “suspend or prohibit the admission offoreigners when he determines it to be in the national interest.” (Article 38)Mexican authorities must keep track of every single person in the country:
• Federal, local and municipal police must cooperate with federal immigrationauthorities upon request, i.e., to assist in the arrests of illegal immigrants. (Article73)
• A National Population Registry keeps track of “every single individual whocomprises the population of the country,” and verifies each individual’s identity.(Articles 85 and 86)
• A national Catalog of Foreigners tracks foreign tourists and immigrants (Article87), and assigns each individual with a unique tracking number (Article 91).Foreigners with fake papers, or who enter the country under false pretenses, may beimprisoned:
• Foreigners with fake immigration papers may be fined or imprisoned. (Article116)• Foreigners who sign government documents “with a signature that is false ordifferent from that which he normally uses” are subject to fine and imprisonment.(Article 116)Foreigners who fail to obey the rules will be fined, deported, and/or imprisoned asfelons:
• Foreigners who fail to obey a deportation order are to be punished. (Article 117)
• Foreigners who are deported from Mexico and attempt to re-enter the countrywithout authorization can be imprisoned for up to 10 years.
(Article 118)Mexico’s Immigration Law:
• Foreigners who violate the terms of their visa may be sentenced to up to six yearsin prison (Articles 119, 120 and 121). Foreigners who misrepresent the terms oftheir visa while in Mexico – such as working with out a permit – can also beimprisoned.Under Mexican law, illegal immigration is a felony. The General Law on Populationsays
,• “A penalty of up to two years in prison and a fine of three hundred to fivethousand pesos will be imposed on the foreigner who enters the countryillegally.” (Article 123)
• Foreigners with legal immigration problems may be deported from Mexicoinstead of being imprisoned. (Article 125)
• Foreigners who “attempt against national sovereignty or security” will bedeported. (Article 126)Mexicans who help illegal aliens enter the country are themselves consideredcriminals under the law:
• A Mexican who marries a foreigner with the sole objective of helping theforeigner live in the country is subject to up to five years in prison. (Article 127)
• Shipping and airline companies that bring undocumented foreigners into Mexicowill be fined. (Article 132)All of the above runs contrary to what Mexican leaders are demanding of the UnitedStates. The stark contrast between Mexico’s immigration practices versus its Americanimmigration preachings is telling. It gives a clear picture of the Mexican government’sagenda: to have a one-way immigration relationship with the United States.Let’s call Mexico’s bluff on its unwarranted interference in U.S. immigration policy.Let’s propose, just to make a point, that the North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) member nations standardize their immigration laws by using Mexico’s ownlaw as a model.

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